Silver diamine fluoride

Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is a dental material used for the treatment of dental caries (tooth decay). It is a clear liquid composed of silver, fluoride, water, and ammonia. SDF has been used in various countries, including Japan, for many years and has gained attention for its ability to arrest or slow down the progression of cavities in teeth.

What is Silver Diamine Fluoride?

The use of silver diamine fluoride has gained attention as a non-invasive and cost-effective way to manage dental caries, especially in children and individuals with special needs who may have difficulty with traditional dental treatments. It is typically applied topically to the affected teeth, and it can arrest the progression of cavities by strengthening the tooth structure and preventing further decay.

Some key points about silver diamine fluoride include:

Caries Arrest: SDF is known for its ability to arrest or stop the progression of cavities, preventing them from getting larger.

Non-Invasive: Unlike traditional dental fillings or restorative treatments, the application of SDF is non-invasive, making it an attractive option for individuals who may have difficulty with more invasive dental procedures.

Reduced Staining Compared to Other SDF in Market: Distinguishing itself from other silver fluoride systems, the Riva Star two-step procedure effectively reduces the likelihood of staining. The process involves applying a potassium iodide solution (KI) over the silver diamine fluoride (SDF), resulting in the formation of a silver iodide creamy white precipitate that subsequently transitions to a clear state.

Fluoride Content: The fluoride in SDF helps to remineralize the tooth structure, making it more resistant to further decay.

Application: SDF is usually applied by a dental professional. It is important to note that it is not a complete substitute for traditional restorative treatments, but it can be a useful adjunct, especially in certain situations.

What Are the Benefits of Silver Diamine Fluoride?

SDF is particularly effective for treating children with severe early childhood cavities, difficulty cooperating during dental treatment, or special needs. Below is a list of some of the other incredible benefits of this technique: